WASHINGTON – Prices charged by U.S. manufacturers, farmers and other producers rose for the first time since January, lifted by higher costs for gas, steel and medicines.
The Labor Department said Friday that the producer price index, which measures price changes before they reach the consumer, increased 0.2 per cent in April. That followed small declines in February and March.
Producer prices were unchanged from a year ago. That suggests inflation at the consumer level is likely to remain low.
Excluding the volatile food and energy categories, producer prices ticked up 0.1 per cent last month and 0.9 per cent from a year ago.
The figures suggest that overall inflation remains tame. Sluggish economic growth, modest wage increases, and sharp competition among retailers have kept inflation low since the Great Recession ended in 2009.
Wholesale gas prices jumped 5.5 per cent in April, while food costs slipped 0.3 per cent. The cost of some types of steel jumped 22.1 per cent, while pharmaceutical prices rose 1 per cent.
Many Americans feel squeezed by rising costs for more expensive items such as health care and a college education, but those categories actually make up a relatively small part of the government’s inflation measures.
And rising rents and home prices have made housing less affordable, but the government has struggled to accurately measure those costs.
Consumers are already seeing few price increases for most goods and services. In March, consumer prices ticked up 0.1 per cent from the previous month, in part because gas costs rose.
In the past year, consumer prices have increased just 0.9 per cent. Excluding the volatile food and energy categories, they are up 2.2 per cent.
The Federal Reserve would like to see inflation closer to 2 per cent as a hedge against deflation, a destabilizing drop in wages and prices.
Yet the Fed’s preferred inflation gauge is up just 0.8 per cent in the past year. That suggests the central bank will be cautious as it raises the short-term interest rate it controls. It lifted that rate for the first time in nine years in December, but has stood pat since.
Many economists now expect the Fed will raise rates just once or twice this year, in part because of low inflation.