Key numbers in the Volkswagen emissions-cheating scandal

Some key numbers related to Volkswagen’s admission that it programmed diesel cars to cheat on emissions tests:

— 475,000: Number of cars with 2-litre diesel engines in the U.S. that Volkswagen has agreed to buy back or repair under a settlement released Tuesday. The settlement will likely get final approval from a federal court judge this fall.

— 80,000: Number of Volkswagens with 3-litre diesel engines in the U.S. They aren’t covered by this settlement.

— 2009-2016: Model years affected by the diesel scandal.

— $12,500 to $44,000: Range of values for the affected Volkswagen diesels before the scandal became public on Sept. 18, 2015. Owners who sell their cars back to VW will get the clean trade-in value as determined by the National Automobile Dealers Association depending on the model, age, mileage and options on their car.

— $5,100 to $10,000: Amount of additional compensation owners will get, whether they opt for a buyback or have Volkswagen fix their cars.

— 19 per cent: The amount the average value of a VW diesel has dropped since before the scandal began. In August 2015, the average was $13,196; in May 2016 it was $10,674, according to Kelley Blue Book. The average value of non-diesel VWs dropped 9 per cent in the same period.

— 125,205: The numbers of cars the VW brand sold in the U.S. in the first five months of 2016. That’s down 13 per cent from 144,006 in the first five months of 2015.

— 38 gallons: The amount of additional gasoline the owner of a 2015 Volkswagen Jetta diesel would have to buy each year if a fix decreases the vehicle’s fuel economy by 3 mpg. The Jetta diesel currently gets 36 miles per gallon in combined city and highway driving. If a repair reduces fuel economy by 3 mpg, a driver who drives 15,000 miles per year would have to buy an extra 38 gallons of fuel. That would cost $114, assuming gas is $3 per gallon. VW hasn’t yet submitted a plan to fix the vehicles.

— 38 per cent: Five states — California, Texas, Florida, Illinois and New York — accounted for about 38 per cent of all the diesel vehicles VW sold in the U.S. since 2008.